Titanium is currently the most commonly used material in dental implant application.
A dental implant is an artificial tooth root used in dentistry to support restorations that resemble a tooth or group of teeth.
Virtually all dental implants placed today are root-form endosseous implants. In other words, virtually all dental implants placed in the 21st century appear similar to an actual tooth root (and thus possess a “root-form”) and are placed within the bone (end- being the Greek prefix for “in” and osseous referring to “bone”).
Prior to the advent of root-form endosseous implants, most implants were either blade endosseous implants, in that the shape of the metal piece placed within the bone resembled a flat blade, or subperiosteal implants, in which a framework was constructed to lie upon and was attached with screws to the exposed bone of the jaws.
Dental implants can be used to support a number of dental prostheses, including crowns, implant-supported bridges or dentures.
Titanium was actually first used in dentistry in the 1940’s. Today titanium is routinely utilized in the dental industry for implants and orthodontic braces.
The titanium implant acts as an artificial root for a tooth and is securely implanted into bone to provide a solid base for a tooth. Compared to traditional orthodontic braces made of steel, titanium braces are stronger, lighter, and more compatible to body fluids and bone density.
Titanium has been selected a metal of choice in the dental market due to its total resistance to attack by body fluids, high strength and low modulus.
Metals, grades, and alloys used in this application include:
Titanium Grades/Alloys: 6Al-4V Grade 5 | Grade 1 | Grade 2 | Grade 3 | Grade 4